The arguments of emerson and thoreau on self reliance and civil disobedience

In the s, A. Life at Walden Pond provides Thoreau with the opportunity to journey into himself, into nature, and into the divine, but other men may have approaches of their own, reflecting their particular conditions and circumstances.


Because of this, a civil libertarian outlook is compatible with many other political philosophies, and civil libertarianism is found on both the right and left in modern politics. He considered individuality as doing whatever he wanted and ignoring what the people think, which we can find in his words: He was a thorough-going pessimist who believed that the "will-to-life" the drive to survive and to reproduce was the underlying driving force of the world, and that the pursuit of happiness, love and intellectual satisfaction was very much secondary and essentially futile.

The opponents of reform, he recognizes, are not faraway politicians but ordinary people who cooperate with the system. He stresses that there may be as many ways of transcending worldly values as there are men.

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The virtue in most request is conformity. Only action — what you do about your objection — matters. The peasantry was forced to grow Indigo, a cash crop whose demand had been declining over two decades, and were forced to sell their crops to the planters at a fixed price.

The two years of his actual stay at Walden are compressed into a single year to provide narrative coherence and movement and to build toward the presentation of rebirth in "Spring. Gandhi then launched a new Satyagraha against the tax on salt in March Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.

The classics of literature possess permanence in their expression of universal meaning, their relevance to men in all times.

He accepted it, knowing that it would be at least one-year commitment in the Colony of NatalSouth Africa, also a part of the British Empire. Ruth Benedict made a distinction, relevant in this context, between "guilt" societies e.

Social and Political Critiques The transcendentalists operated from the start with the sense that the society around them was seriously deficient: In his "Self Reliance", Emerson advised men to trust themselves and accept the society of their contemporaries, the connection of events that God found for them.

Later, Thoreau converted the pencil factory to produce plumbago, a name for graphite at the time, which was used in the electrotyping process.

Avicenna tried to reconcile the rational philosophy of Aristotelianism and Neo-Platonism with Islamic theology, and also developed his own system of Logicknown as Avicennian Logic.


It was precisely on this ground, however, that the transcendentalists found fault with Unitarianism. It costs me less in every sense to incur the penalty of disobedience to the State than it would to obey.Transcendentalism was the first truly American philosophical movement and this nice (and cheap) edition collects some of the more canonical pieces of Transcendentalism's two greatest expounders, Emerson and Thoreau.

Apr 19,  · This chart (Emerson–Thoreau Comparison) illustrates the similarities between “Self-Reliance” and “Civil Disobedience.” Should you teach the two, you might point out that Thoreau’s idea of the “wise majority” resembles Emerson’s conception of the self-reliant, those few in society who as “guides, redeemers, and benefactors 3/5(1).

Henry David Thoreau wrote the essay Civil Disobedience to show his opposition to slavery and American imperialism.

Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism

Thoreau's essay Civil Disobedience or Resistance to Civil Self-Reliance. Independence of thought requires self-reliance and some degree of separation from others. Significantly, he moves into his house at Walden Pond on July 4, — more than a literal Independence Day.

Civil Disobedience and Other Essays Quotes

Teacher’s Note “Self-Reliance” is central to understanding Emerson’s thought, but it can be difficult to teach because of its vocabulary and sentence structure. It construed self-reliance, as expounded in Emerson’s famous essay by that same title, not just as an economic virtue but also as a whole philosophical and spiritual basis for existence.

And, importantly for Thoreau, it sanctioned a disavowal or rejection of any social norms, traditions, or values that contradict one’s own -personal.

The arguments of emerson and thoreau on self reliance and civil disobedience
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